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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


"The court system in America is generally divided into federal
and state courts, ostensibly to administer justice. Yet, at every state or
federal courthouse on a typical workday, the criminal defendants are
overwhelmingly from the extremely poor, working poor, lower and
lower-middle economic classes.' 7 Seemingly, the middle-class, upper
middle-class, wealthy, and super-rich economic classes are excluded
from being criminal defendants, and simply being in the lower
economic classes is criminal. This is hardly just or fair. Nevertheless,
society advances the message that courts administer justice and are fair
and impartial, working to the advantage of, inter alia, the judges who
are themselves members of the upper classes.' 8"


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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


"[Euro-American societies are] constructed in such a
way that successful survival within it discourages
honesty and directness and encourages dishonesty and
deceit-the ability to appear to be something other than
what one is; to hide one's [intent and] motives ...
Hypocrisy in this way becomes not a negative ... not
immoral or abnormal behavior, but it is both expected
and cultivated. It is considered to be a crucial ingredient
of 'sophistication,' a European goal.21"


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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


CONCLUSION


If justice is the end, hypocrisy has no place. The Rhetorical Ethic is a
vehicle for the injection of the hypocrisy that courses through the veins
of Euro-American culture.

Therefore it would behoove (meaning It is a duty or responsibility for someone to do something; it is incumbent on: "it behooves any coach to study his predecessors".Also means "It is appropriate or suitable")

Let's just say benefit a system of
justice to remove or at least minimize hypocrisy by shifting to a more
expansive usage of extrinsic evidence than the application of the PMR would allow. See the following:

 II. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PLAIN MEANING RULE


What would your words mean in the mouth of a "normal"
English speaker? The PMR disregards your intent by asking this very
question. In evaluating the terms of a contract, the PMR desires a
formal and judicial approach to interpretation. 25 The judicial belief is
that "words are symbols with fixed meanings, and parties to a writing
should be held to that meaning, regardless of whether it coincides with
their intention." 26 Courts have wrestled with the PMR for several
centuries, yet there is still no specific method or circumstance to
determine when courts will use PMR.
The PMR states that "if a writing, or the term in question,
appears to be plain and unambiguous on its face, its meaning must be
determined from the four corners of the instrument without resort to extrinsic evidence of any kind." 27 Therefore, in interpreting contracts
according to the PMR, courts must give words their plain, ordinary,
and literal meaning. If the words are clear, they must be applied, even
though the intention of the parties may have been different or the result
is harsh and undesirable. 28
The PMR continues to survive in some jurisdictions, despite
being rejected by the Restatement (Second) of Contracts, Uniform
Commercial Code, and several courts. 29 Those jurisdictions that follow
the rule are divided over whether "extrinsic evidence is admissible to
show that a term of the written agreement is ambiguous."30 This means
that, "application of the plain meaning rule requires the preliminary
step of characterizing contractual language as either plain or
ambiguous." 3
1 Since there are no guidelines for this determination,
courts encounter difficulty deciding whether the written agreement is
plain or ambiguous.32
In a plain meaning jurisdiction, if the questionable term "is
susceptible to more than one reasonable interpretation, it contains an
ambiguity." 33 An ambiguity is not established by the mere existence of
a disagreement between the parties, and once an ambiguity is
identified, a court must decide what extrinsic evidence is admissible to
clarify the ambiguity.34


94. Coast Fed. Bank, FSB v. United States, 323 F.3d 1038, 1040-41 (Fed. Cir. 2003)
(en banc).
95. Id. at 1038.
96. Id at 1040.
97. Coast Fed. Bank, FSB v. United States, 309 F.3d 1353, 1358 (Fed. Cir. 2002)
98. Id.
99. Id. at 1356.
2011] 57
19

Produced by The Berkeley Electronic Press, 2013

20
University of Maryland Law Journal of Race, Religion, Gender and Class, Vol. 11 [2013], Iss. 1, Art. 3


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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


Image

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8/21/2013, 10:48 am Link to this post Send Email to SpiritualONE   Send PM to SpiritualONE
 
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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


What can you do, as a young Afrikan male, when you are surrounded by INSANITY?!?FIGHT BACK or DIE!

Image

Last edited by SpiritualONE, 8/17/2016, 11:49 am


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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


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Re: Marimba Ani (at the great Harlem debate, was the Obama election good for black people?)


President Obama's Defender. According to Dr. Cornel West, Al Sharpton is one the Chief Slaves on the Obama Plantation.

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Last edited by SpiritualONE, 4/27/2014, 4:50 am


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